||Papadopoulos, V.; Kontoyiannis, H.; Ruiz, S.; Zarokanellos, N.;|
||Influence of atmospheric circulation on turbulent air-sea heat fluxes over the Mediterranean Sea during winter|
||Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans (issn: 0148-0227) |
Journal impact factor: 3.020
The influence of the winter atmospheric circulation on the turbulent variables of the air-sea boundary layer in the Mediterranean Sea is investigated. We examine the effects of several climatic indices and the corresponding large scale atmospheric patterns on the above variables by using a correlation analysis. The spatial characteristics and the behavior of the turbulent variables are also examined based on standard deviation and EOF analysis. Two main types of response to the index-specified atmospheric patterns have been identified: a) A relatively uniform response of the entire basin associated with the influence of the East Atlantic pattern and b) opposite responses in the western and eastern sub-basins linked mainly to the intrabasin SLP. The latter is a combined effect of the first four modes of atmospheric variability in the North Atlantic/Eurasia region, the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the East Atlantic Pattern (EA), the Scandinavian Pattern (SCAND), and the East Atlantic - West Russia Pattern (EAWR). The two identified responses of the Mediterranean Sea to the atmospheric forcing are also in accordance with the primary modes of variability of the turbulent variables that result in the EOF analysis. All of the statistically independent indices (NAO, EA, SCAND, EAWR) have to be considered in order to fully account for the modulation of the turbulent variables in the Mediterranean Sea. As an example we refer to the mechanism through which, independent modes of atmospheric variability contributed to the Eastern Mediterranean Transient event between 1987-1995.
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